These are our local immunizations that are important to do regularly (maximum every 3 years) for dogs and cats – both for health and regulatory (legal) reasons.

This chart is for dogs, although cats are very similar. They get their combo (FVRCP) at the same time dogs get (DA2PP) and rabies is the same. FeLV would substitute in where lepto is. 


Bordetella may vary depending on the type and route of vaccine used. Its a bit of a moving target, talk to us what we are doing currently. Depending on each patient and risk profile, the most common strategy is to give an internasal vaccination (squirt up the nose!) followed by an injection one month later. 


I am always surprised to find people are not aware their pet does require regular vaccines, depending on their lifestyle and lifestage.

Immunizing your dog is an important procedure that in most cases will provide protection against an illness that may be life threatening. In past years, veterinarians have followed the vaccine manufacturer’s guidelines and recommended annual revaccination for diseases that were felt to be a threat to our patients. Recent studies have shown that annual revaccination may not be necessary for some diseases because many dogs are protected for three years or longer when vaccinated. Although most dogs do not react adversely to vaccination, some have had allergic or other systemic reactions after receiving a vaccine. Rarely, the allergic reaction can be so profound that it may be life threatening. Certain immune mediated diseases such as hemolytic anemia (anemia caused by red blood cell destruction), thrombocytopenia (low blood platelet numbers), and polyarthritis (joint inflammation and pain) in dogs may be triggered by the body’s immune response to a vaccine.
Vaccinating your pet should not be taken lightly. Failure to vaccinate could result in your pet contracting a serious preventable disease. However, unnecessary vaccinations should be avoided. A decision to vaccinate should only come after your dog’s age and the risk of exposure to disease are considered by you and your veterinarian. Vaccinations given at the appropriate age and at the appropriate intervals will greatly benefit your pet and protect it against some life threatening diseases.

Puppy vaccination series: Puppies receive a series of vaccinations at 3-4 weeks intervals in order to insure that they are developing a protective immune response on their own. Maternal antibodies derived from the first few days of milk while nursing their mother will give the puppy a temporary immunity that may interfere with development of a protective immune response to the vaccine. This temporary immunity when present will persist in some puppies for as long as 20 weeks.
The following vaccines listed are considered “core” and “non-core” by the American Veterinary Medical Association, Texas Veterinary Medical Association, American Animal Hospital Association, and Texas A&M College of Veterinary Medicine. The University of California at Davis and North Carolina State University Colleges of Veterinary Medicine also recommend vaccine protocols that consider core and non-core vaccinations. All pets should receive core vaccinations with boosters at appropriate intervals to be determined by exposure risk related to your pet’s life style. Non-core vaccinations should not be used routinely and are only administered if your pet’s exposure risk warrants it.

In Canada:

Core vaccinations for dogs:

__Canine Distemper *

__Hepatitis (Adenovirus-2)*


__Parvovirus enteritis*


*all combined into one poke! (one vial contains all 4 of these vaccines)


Non-Core Vaccines….the ‘it depends’ ones:

__Bordetella (Kennel Cough)


__Lyme Disease

Core Vaccines for Cats

FVRCP (Feline Herpesvirus 1, Feline Calicivirus and Feline Panleukopenia)


Non Core Vaccines for Cats

__ FeLV (only for outdoor, FeLV negative cats)

__ Feline Infectious Peritonitis

__ Feline Chlamydophila

As always, your pet is unique and our approach to their medical needs will be also. Please give us a call or ask us at your next appointment.

Dr. Childs

UC Davis is an excellent, albeit jargon-filled, resource

another good cat specific resource